Atwell, P. & Domina, T. (2011). Educational imposters and fake degrees. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 29(1), 57-69. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0276562410000685
In “Educational Impostors and Fake Degrees,” Atwell & Domina (2011) described a social phenomenon of false claims made by individuals about their educational credentials. There are issues of costs and authentication of college degrees, whereas digital badges provide metadata on and evidence of one’s learning.